Most are informal sector workers
In 2014, DOLE provides livelihood assistance quarter million Filipinos
Labor and Employment Secretary Rosalinda Dimapilis-Baldoz yesterday said the DOLE in 2014 provided emergency employment and livelihood assistance to some 292,853 individual beneficiaries, or more than a quarter of a million Filipinos under the DOLE Integrated Livelihood and Emergency Employment Program, or DILEEP.
In a press release, Baldoz said most of the DILEEP beneficiaries were workers in the informal sector, particularly the self-employed and unpaid family workers who are in vulnerable employment.
“Vulnerable employment is a serious dimension of the Philippine labor market,” Baldoz observed, adding that the DILEEP is the DOLE’s contribution to the government agenda of inclusive growth through massive job generation and poverty reduction.
The DILEEP, according to Baldoz, is part of the DOLE strategy which seeks to contribute to poverty reduction and reduce vulnerability to risks of the poor, vulnerable, and marginalized workers, either through: (1) transitional emergency employment; and (2) promotion of entrepreneurship and community enterprises.
It has two component programs, namely: (1) Livelihood, or the Kabuhayan Program; and (2) Emergency Employment Program (EEP), or the Tulong Panghanapbuhay sa Ating Disadvantaged/Displaced Workers (TUPAD).
In 2014, the DOLE provided 292,853 vulnerable workers with livelihood assistance, spending P1.422 billion in 16 regions for the program. The beneficiaries were self-employed who are unable to earn sufficient income; marginalized and landless farmers; unpaid family workers; parents of child labourers; low-waged and seasonal workers; and displaced workers or workers to be displaced as a result of natural and man-made disasters.
Of the number, 127,656 individual beneficiaries, or 42 percent, availed of assistance for livelihood enhancement, the amount for which reached P569.461 million.
For the Yolanda Rehabilitation and Reconstruction Program, or YRRP, the DOLE provided emergency employment and livelihood assistance to 99,325 individual beneficiaries, spending P520.029 million for the program which is the DOLE’s contribution to the recovery and rehabilitation of Typhoon Yolanda survivors. To support the YRRP’s implementation, the DOLE, through its regional offices, conducted skills training and workshops on business planning for beneficiaries in Regions 4-B, 6, 7, and 8.
Also in 2014, Baldoz reported that the DOLE provided emergency employment under the TUPAD to 65, 872 beneficiaries, utilizing a budget of P352.222 million. TUPAD is a community-based (municipality/barangay) package of assistance consisting of training and emergency employment for displaced workers, underemployed, and unemployed poor, who can work and earn for minimum wages for a period of 10 days at the least to 30 days at the most depending on the nature of work to be performed
Baldoz, on 28 March 2014, issued D.O. 137-14, or the Guidelines on the DOLE Integrated Livelihood and Emergency Employment Program to simplify and fast track the access to the DOLE’s livelihood programs. The guidelines was published in a leading newspaper on 15 May 2014.
Under D.O. 137-14, all DOLE livelihood programs, namely, the Women Workers Employment and Entrepreneurship Development (WEED); Promotion of Rural Employment through self-Employment and Entrepreneurship Development (PRESEED); Tulong Alalay sa Taong May Kapansanan (TULAY); Workers Income Augmentation Program (AMP); Working Youth Center (WYC); and Youth Entrepreneurship Support (YES) were integrated into the Kabuhayan Program.
The order prescribed clear standards and transparent procedures for availment and release of funds, as well as reporting, monitoring, and evaluation. It ensured accountabilities of accredited co-partners (ACPs) and beneficiaries and of DOLE regional directors for all project fund releases. It also provided detailed requirements for accreditation of co-partners, both local government units and other ACP types.
Most importantly, the order required convergence of relevant programs and services of government agencies and private organizations to effectively assist and provide complete support to community enterprises, as well as maximize the use of scarce government resources.
DOLE regional offices implement the Kabuhayan and TUPAD programs either by direct administration or through an ACP based on simple, step-by-step procedures in accessing the funds and action processed and timelines on availment applications.
Under the National Convergence Program for the Establishment of Social Protection Floor for the Workers in the Informal Sector, the Department, also in 2014 profiled the country’s vulnerable workers, specifically child laborers, sugar farm workers, and workers in the informal sector for the DOLE to get a better grasp of the extent of informality in the country. As of 30 June 2014, the DOLE, through its 16 regional offices, has profiled 628,406 workers, 79 percent, or 497,437 of whom are informal sector workers; 12 percent, or 75,347 are child laborers, and nine percent, or 55,614, are sugar workers.
The National Convergence Program covers at least 2.6 million self-employed, underemployed, and underpaid workers—home-based workers, non-corporate construction workers, vendors, small transport workers, agricultural sector workers, and other informal sectors workers—who are considered vulnerable as they face limited social protection coverage and limited mechanisms for voice and representation.
“For these workers, the DOLE’s priority interventions are expanding social insurance, strengthening labor market interventions, and ensuring safety nets for informal sector workers displaced by natural and man-made calamities,” Baldoz said.