Department of Labor and Employment
December 2, 2020
DOLE, PSA: 1.4M HSWs, 72% on live-out
Of about 1.4 million Filipinos working as kasambahays, over a million are on live-out arrangement, a survey conducted last year by the Department of Labor and Employment (DOLE) and the Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA) showed.
Highlights of the survey results, being released by the National Wages and Productivity Commission to the public in a series of fora this month, show certain gains but also confirm that policy and program challenges continue to plague the implementation of Batas Kasambahay seven years after its enactment.
Key findings include:
- About 4% or 49,000 are child domestic workers, 4,900 of whom are below 15 years old (Batas Kasambahay prohibits employment of domestic workers aged 14 and below.)
- Only 2.5% (or about 35,000) have written employment contracts which is required under the law.
- 83% of the 1.4 million are not covered by any social security benefit and 2% shouldered/paid for entire premium contribution without employers sharing in the cost.
- Some live-in domestic workers (36%) work 7 days a week, without the benefit of a rest day.
- Average monthly salary of domestic workers is P4,141, ranging from P2,681 in BARMM to P5,958 in NCR. (Current minimum wage of domestic workers is P5,000 in NCR and ranges from P2,000 to P5,000 elsewhere.)
- Only 41% of domestic workers are aware of Batas Kasambahay, indicating low level of awareness of their rights and privileges.
In a meeting last month, concerned DOLE offices studied the results and committed to look into alternative frameworks for more effective enforcement and implementation of the law given the existing policy on privacy of homes.
Labor Secretary Silvestre Belo III has also ordered the convening of the Domestic Work Inter-Agency Committee to study the survey results and identify measures to address gaps in the implementation of Batas Kasambahay and related rules and guidelines as indicated in said results.
Also to be taken into account are strategies to encourage more domestic workers to organize and provide clearer methodology for setting the sector’s minimum wage, including compensation for overtime and stand-by time. Also to be addressed is the need for advocacy initiatives to raise domestic workers’ awareness of Batas Kasambahay.
DOLE will also lobby with other government agencies to continuously update relevant data on domestic workers as basis for policy and program development, strengthen compliance in terms of domestic workers’ registration at the local level and improve their social security coverage particularly for those with multiple employers.
All these initiatives aim to further promote and protect the sector’s welfare through more concrete policy pronouncements and significant interventions, pursuant to ILO Convention 189 or the Domestic Workers Convention which the Philippines ratified on 12 September 2012. ###